Install vSphere Integrated Containers v0.1 via VMware Photon OS TP2

I just wanted to share a few simple steps on how to set up vSphere Integrated Containers (VIC) v0.1 (released on April 4, 2016) on VMware Photon OS. You can follow most steps easily via copy and paste but please be aware that you should not run this in your production environment! I worked with a local installation running in VMware Fusion. The vSphere Integrated Containers Code on GitHub is in a preview state but please read the project status directly on GitHub. It also requires a few environmental variables to be available (e.g. DHCP). You can find the binaries for the install on Bintray as they are available as a pre-packaged .tar.gz file (direct download link).

First we need to install Photon OS TP 2 (fresh install from the ISO) and give it 1 CPU and 2GB of memory. I used the “full” install type while going through the installer. You can find the Photon OS TP2 ISO files on Bintray – I used the full ISO (direct download link). Cormac just told me that you can also use the “smaller” Photon OS or the OVA and add git, wget, tar and go to the OS as prerequisites for the install of VIC.

Why 2GB RAM? I ran into some issues (like “go build /usr/lib/golang/pkg/tool/linux_amd64/6g: signal: killed”) while installing govmomi with less than 2GB. It was fixed by adding more memory – you should be able to go back to less than 2GB after the install.

After the install, we login via DCUI (e.g. via Fusion) and enable remote SSH access. You can either edit the sshd_config file with the editor of your choice of follow the commands below.

# Enable root login in /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i 's/#PasswordAuthentication/PasswordAuthentication/g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i 's/PermitRootLogin no/PermitRootLogin yes/g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
systemctl restart sshd

Once you noted the IP address of your system, you can connect to it via ssh. I updated tdnf (Photon OS package manager) and the Photon OS system as a first action.

# Upgrade tdnf and Photon packages
tdnf upgrade tdnf -y
tdnf upgrade -y

Then, we set up a working directory for VIC, I called it “VCHmaster”.

# Create working directory /home/VCHmaster
mkdir /home/VCHmaster
cd /home/VCHmaster

Next up is the download and extraction of the VIC artifacts from Bintray (placed in /home/VCHmaster)

# Download files from
tar -xzf vic_0.1.0.tar.gz
chmod +x vic/

Before installing govmomi, you need to set some environmental variables (GOPATH and adding the bin directory to your PATH):

# Set Go variables
mkdir /home/VCHmaster/govmw
export GOPATH=/home/VCHmaster/govmw

We can then install the vSphere API Go library:

# install Go library for the VMware vSphere API
go get

At this point, we are all set to install the first Virtual Container Host (VCH). The command is pretty straight forward. All you need is a deployment endpoint (in my case my homelab ESXi host) with a datastore.

# install your first VCH
cd vic
./ -g -t 'user:password@IP_ADDRESS' -i ESXi_datastore VCH-name

When we run the script, this is the output that we are seeing:

root [ /home/VCHmaster ]# ./ -g -t 'root:PASSWORD@ESXi_IP_ADDRESS' -i ESXi_datastore VCH-name
# Generating certificate/key pair - private key in VCH-name-key.pem
# Logging into the target
# Uploading ISOs
[05-04-16 12:00:38] Uploading... OK
[05-04-16 12:00:41] Uploading... OK
# Creating vSwitch
# Creating Portgroup
# Creating the Virtual Container Host appliance
# Adding network interfaces
# Setting component configuration
# Configuring TLS server
# Powering on the Virtual Container Host
# Setting network identities
# Waiting for IP information
# SSH to appliance (default=root:password)
# Log server:
# Connect to docker:
docker -H VCH_APPLIANCE_IP_ADDRESS:2376 --tls --tlscert='VCH-name-cert.pem' --tlskey='VCH-name-key.pem'

DOCKER_OPTS="--tls --tlscert='VCH-name-cert.pem' --tlskey='VCH-name-key.pem'"

To make the variables persistent across multiple sessions, you’ll have to add these e.g. to your bash profile. I’ll keep it simple (edit in /root/.bash_profile):

# Begin ~/.bash_profile
# Written for Beyond Linux From Scratch
# by James Robertson <>
# updated by Bruce Dubbs <>

# Personal environment variables and startup programs.

At this point in time, there is not much more to explore. You run a few docker commands already but again – this a v0.1 with limited functionality.

(Edits: added the Bintray download links for VIC and Photon OS. Thanks Manuel & Cormac for your feedback!)

Cloud-Native Applications – Link Collection


I started to collect the most comprehensive and important links around (VMware) Cloud-Native Applications on a dedicated page on this blog. I’ll keep it updated over time. If you feel something is missing, just ping me on Twitter and I’ll add the link/material.

You can find the page at:

Cloud-Native Applications

VMworld Tipp: Cloud-Native Applications & vSphere Integrated Containers

Die VMworld 2015 in Barcelona steht unmittelbar bevor. Eine Teilnahme an der VMworld hat für mich schon immer bedeutet über den eigenen Tellerrand zu schauen und ein Gefühl für die aktuellen Trends und Themen der nächsten Jahre zu bekommen. Dazu gehört natürlich auch der persönliche Austausch mit Kollegen aus anderen Firmen, Sessions, Labs, Diskussionsrunden und vieles mehr.

Auf die Frage nach den interessantesten Sessions zum Thema “Zukunft” verweise ich in den letzten Wochen gern auf alles, was sich im Cloud-Native Applications (CNA) Bereich abspielt: die Sessions mit dem Kürzel “CNA”, die Hands-On Labs zum Thema, etc. Warum ich das Thema besonders für vSphere Administratoren und Manager von Virtualsierungsteams als wichtig ansehe werde ich in einem separaten Blogpost erläutern.

Als Teaser und 3:30min Zusammenfassung eines der wichtigsten Announcements rund um Cloud-Native Applications von der VMworld 2015 in San Francisco möchte ich an dieser Stelle auf ein Video hinweisen – viel Spaß mit vSphere Integrated Containers: